The lowest temperature in Kazakhstan

Research group of the Energetic Cosmos Laboratory under supervision of Nobel Laurеate in Physics George Smoot firstly obtained a temperature near absolute zero (273.15 C) in a cryogenic refrigerator at  Nazarbayev University.

The absolute zero is the lowest possible temperature and the reaching such low temperatures brings into play delicate quantum transitions that allow scientists to discover more science and make new devices such as extremely sensitive detectors and circuits for quantum computing and etc.

Research group of Nazarbayev University proposes to do experiments with new microwave kinetic inductance detectors (MKID) at a temperature close to absolute zero in a cryogenic facility. MKID is superconducting device and will be used for high-sensitivity astronomical detection of CMB photons. Additionally, MKID could define photon polarization and make a prediction of relic gravitation waves from the early stages of the Universe development.

It should be assumed that the detection of first relic gravitational waves will be an outstanding achievement in fundamental cosmology.

In the long term, MKID will be used not only in fundamental science, but will also be useful in applied science as biotechnology (registration on radiation of rare chemical processes).